Reaction Wheel VRW-1

Reaction Wheel VRW-05

VECTRONIC Aerospace has developed the VRW-05 reaction wheel series especially for small satellite applications. Reaction wheels are actuators used to influence the rotational motion of a spacecraft. According to the principle of angular momentum conservation, a torque is exerted onto the spacecraft if the wheel speed is changed. The ratio between acceleration of the wheel and the spacecraft is equal to the ratio of their moments of inertia.

The reaction wheels VRW-05 comprise the following components:

  • brushless DC Motor
  • rotor
  • wheel drive electronics
  • housing

The wheel speed is controlled with a model supported PI-loop running inside the 32 Bit micro processor which is using a low noise high efficiency four quadrant PWM method in the power stage. The wheel drive electronic includes thermal and over voltage protection circuits. The signal interface is a standard asynchronous SCI on RS422/RS485 level. It can be used in a single full-duplex configuration as well as in a half-duplex bus architecture. The baud rate is adjustable up to 1Mbaud. A CAN bus interface is also available.

The reaction wheel design is kept modular. By changing the rotor geometry, input voltage range or communication protocol, the VRW-05 characteristics are easy to adapt to customer needs.

Flexible operation in torque control mode or speed control mode is possible.

The nominal In-Orbit lifetime for this type of reaction wheels is more than 45.000 hours.
Beside the nominal angular momentum of 0.5 Nms, the VECTRONIC portfolio also provides reaction wheels with 0.2, 1, and 2 Nms.

Dimensions (with baffle) 115 mm x 115 mm x 77 mm
Mass 1.3 kg
Moment of Inertia (rotor) 1.1*10-3 kgm2
Mounting pattern 4 x M5 96 mm x 96 mm
Power consumption, max
@steady state, 0 rpm < 1.0 W
@steady state, 4000 rpm < 3.0 W
@max. torque < 25 W
Signal interface RS422 / RS485 / CAN
Signal characteristics Serial async. / CAN
Connector Type MDM-9
Operating temp.range -20°C to + 70°C
Storage temp. range -40°C to + 80°C
Vibration 15 g rms random 3 axis
Radiation tolerance > 20 krad
Nominal speed ± 5000 rpm
Max. speed ± 6500 rpm
Angular momentum 0.5 Nms
Max torque ± 25 mNm
Speed control loop accuracy (2σ) 0.25 rpm / 01. rpm
Unbalance static/dynamic < 1 gmm/ 80 gmm²