Cattle and Goat in Mongolia and China

Cattle and Goat in Mongolia and China

Between 2012 and 2014, ‘GPS PLUS’ collars were used to investigate spatial and temporal characteristics of the transhumance husbandry system in the transborder Altay-Dzungarian region of Mongolia and China. The study was part of the Watercope project (supporting national research capacity and policy development to cope with dwindling water resources and intensifying land use; http://www.watercope.org) funded by the International Fund for Agricultural Development IFAD (I-R-1284).
Changes in climate and herd composition are assumed to affect the quantity and quality of fodder plants on pastures and consequently the transhumant pastoral livelihood systems in the Chinese-Mongolian Altay Mountains. To identify possible negative effects, spatio-temporal mobility patterns of pastoral herds, number and size of utilized pastures, and the herbage offer and its nutritive value were investigated.
Therefore, one representative goat and cattle was equipped with a GPS collar to record the herd´s temporal and spatial mobility. Additionally, animals’ grazing behavior (including grazing, ruminating while standing, ruminating while lying, resting while standing, resting while lying, walking without grazing, and other activities) of GPS tracked goats and sheep were determined.
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Pictures 1 – 6: Cattle, goats, and camel wearing GPS PLUS collars in the in the transborder Altay-Dzungarian region of Mongolia and China (2012-2014).